Vet / Vet Nurse Quiz - Diabetes mellitus in cats

Take our quiz to test your general knowledge about diabetes mellitus and the management of diabetes in cats. Links are provided to help you with the answers!

1. What clinical signs are characteristic of diabetes mellitus in cats?
I don't know
Polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia.
Polydipsia and polyuria accompanied by low urine S.G.
Polyphagia and general hair loss.

2. The most common possible complication seen in diabetic cats is:
I don't know.
Hind limb wasting and weakness.
Diabetic cataracts.
Chronic renal failure.

3. Normal blood glucose levels in non-diabetic healthy cats are approximately:
I don't know.
2.6 - 8.4 mmol/l or 46.8 - 151.3 mg/dl.
12.5 - 16.4 mmol/l or 225 - 295.2mg/dl.
1.2 -2.3 mmol/l or 21.6 - 41.4 mg/dl.

4. Calculation of the initial Caninsulin dose for a diabetic cat:
I don't know.
0.25 - 0.5 IU/kg twice daily, pre-treatment blood glucose is used as a guideline and the cat is weighed and body weight and dose are rounded up to the nearest whole figure.
0.25 - 0.5 IU/kg twice daily, pre-treatment blood glucose is used as a guideline and the cat is weighed and body weight and dose are rounded down to the nearest whole figure.
0.25 - 0.5 IU/kg once daily, pre-treatment blood glucose is irrelevant and body weight can be estimated and dose is rounded down to the nearest whole figure.

5. How long does it usually take to stabilize a diabetic cat?
I don't know.
9-12 months.
1-3 days.
3-6 months.

6. The optimal diet for a diabetic cat is?
I don't know.
Low-carbohydrate high-protein diet
High in omega-3 fatty acids and low in protein
High quality, highly digestible protein and restricted fat

7. The Somogyi effect (rebound hyperglycaemia) is caused by:
I don't know.
An inadequate insulin dose
An insulin dose that is too high.
The development of antibodies against insulin.

8. In diabetic cats the likely remission rate if you control diet and administer insulin may be as much as:
I don't know.
60-70%
100%
5-10%